Air Rifle, Pistol and Archery Training Tips
The Six Fundamentals of Shooting
The feet and body are turned so that the body faces at least 90 degrees
away from the target and the left side is pointed towards the target.
The feet are shoulder width apart. Both legs and knees are straight.
However, the muscles in the legs must be relaxed, not tense.
The left arm must rest on the left side, directly under the rifle. The elbow can rest on the hip, or the arm can rest on the side, but it must always be directly under the rifle. The rifle rests on the left hand. Most
shooters make a fist with their hand and rest the rifle on the fist. There are different support hand positions that are correct for different individuals. The rifle should be placed fairly high in the shoulder so that the head can be kept nearly erect.
The first step to the trigger finger being able to properly pull the trigger is to ensure that the grip on the rifle is correct.
For rifles this means that the trigger hand is firmly gripped around the stock applying slight rearward pressure into the shoulder and the support hand is loosely gripping the fore end of the rifle, supporting the rifle.
Important to supply energy to the muscles and refresh the muscles in the eyes
• In-between breaths athletes can make sure they are on the appropriate target
• For maximum stability athletes must stop breathing when taking the shot (called the HOLD)
– Check Natural Alignment
– Muscles relaxed, sights moving vertically
• Breathe all the way out
– See a perfect sight picture
• Second breath
– Relax, get ready to commit to shot
• Breathe out
– See a perfect sight picture
After the shot is released:
– Breathe the rest of the air in the lungs out
• Breathe in and continue cycle
• HOLD is critical between breathing and releasing shot
– Sights MUST be perfectly still
– The most focus is required at this point
A hold must last no longer than 5 seconds
– Oxygen is lost to eyes
– Muscles in chest tighten
– Movement and usage of the muscles inevitably follows
• Shooters must breathe OUT prior to hold
– Imagine putting pressure on an inflated balloon
• Less pressure and tension on extremities
Dia-Opter (Closed) Sights
Sight Alignment is the most critical aspect of
aiming. It is the alignment of the eye, rear sight and front sight. The shooter must have proper sight alignment while centering the target to obtain a proper sight picture.
The eye can only focus on one thing at a time,
the main focal point should be the front sight. The shooter should move their focus in the
sight alignment process
– From front sight to target
– Back to front sight
– To rear sight and
– Back to front sight to squeeze the trigger
Squeezing the trigger is:
It should be done without any movement in the foresight. The trigger goes in front of the first joint
The squeeze takes place at the second joint, like a hinge. This will allows the trigger to come straight backwards.
One Stage Triggers
– One fluid, controlled motion
– Slow, approx 3 seconds to squeeze through
Two Stage Triggers
– Squeeze through the first stage, last breath
– Squeeze through the second stage, 2 seconds.
The Follow Through
Staying in the aim after the shot has been released helps the shooter develop a proper HOLD
– Maintain stability
– Ensure no movement of the rifle as the shot has been fired
– Calling shots
It allows athletes and coaches to correct faults/mistakes
– Improves consistency in routine
– Stable Position = sight picture returns to target after shot
The Follow Through process
The shooter should:
1. Squeeze the trigger, releasing the shot
2. Keep the trigger squeezed back
3. Exhale the rest of the oxygen out
4. Breathe in
5. Breathe out
6. See a perfect sight picture
7. Change diagrams
The basics are the same for pistol as above in rifle: stance, grip, sight alignment, breath control, and trigger control & follow through.
Below is a quick guide to the basic Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting
Stand comfortably and naturally with your feet about shoulder width apart.
Back and neck should be aligned straight. The shoulders should be relaxed.
Your non-shooting hand should be anchored; otherwise, it will swing (moving while shooting is ‘bad’) and throw you off your stance. Place it either in your trouser front pocket or tuck it into your trousers or belt. Don’t stick it in the back pocket or in the back of your trousers as this induces a twist in your spine, throwing you off your natural alignment.
6. The elbow and wrist of your shooting arm should be locked during the lift and until you have completed your follow-through after the shot is released
The website Tenrings Coaching have produced some basic coaching tips to help you improve your enjoyment of precision pistol target shooting. All of the following elements are very important and all interact with each other in one way or another. Practicing these elements will help you to become more proficient in your shot creation process